The first known insurance policy was written in 1347 in Genoa, Italy. It provided coverage for the risk of ships being lost at sea.
The concept of insurance can be traced back even further, to ancient civilizations such as the Babylonians and Chinese, who had systems in place to distribute and manage risk.
The largest insurance market in the world is Lloyd’s of London, which has been in operation since the 17th century. It is not an insurance company, but rather a marketplace where multiple insurers come together to underwrite risks.
The most expensive insurance policy ever sold was said to be a life insurance policy worth $201 million. It was allegedly purchased by an unnamed billionaire in 2014.
The insurance industry plays a significant role in the global economy. It employs millions of people worldwide and contributes to economic stability by helping individuals and businesses manage risk.
Some unusual insurance policies have been taken out by celebrities and companies to protect their assets. For example, actress Jennifer Lopez reportedly insured her famous curves for $27 million, and a wine collector allegedly insured his nose for $8 million.
Insurance fraud is a significant concern for the industry. It is estimated that insurance fraud costs insurers billions of dollars each year, leading to higher premiums for policyholders.
The insurance industry has embraced technology in recent years, with the rise of Insurtech (insurance technology) companies. These companies use data analytics, artificial intelligence, and digital platforms to streamline processes and offer innovative insurance solutions.
Insurance companies use actuarial science to assess risks and set premiums. Actuaries use mathematical and statistical models to analyse data and predict the likelihood of future events, such as accidents or property damage.
Insurance plays a crucial role in disaster recovery and rebuilding efforts. After natural disasters like hurricanes, floods, or earthquakes, insurance pay-outs help individuals and businesses recover and rebuild their lives.